aphis craccivora koch

Aphis craccivora Koch. Although outbreaks of this pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood. The nymphs and adults feed gregariously on the leaves, tender shoots, inflorescence and tender pods thus causing malformations, stunting and even drying up of the parts. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. Resistance source to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) Algerian landrace collection. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. Ellis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands This work is licensed under a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. & Parron. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. [3], Aphis craccivora causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth. Due to heavy The antennae have six segments and these and the limb segments, cauda and cornicles are pale proximally (close to the body) and dark distally (further from the body). Ofuya TI, 1989. 2001-2020 W.N. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Mutualism between the bean aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) and ants. Based on the result, chitosan at concentration 0.9% is the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Aphididae), is considered to be one of the major pests in the semiarid Pampas of Argentina and in other alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) growing areas of the world. http://www.faunaeur.org, Koch, C.L. Aphids, particularly Aphis craccivora Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease transmission. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. [3][4], In the former USSR, Aphis craccivora overwinters as eggs, often at the base of young alfalfa plants, but is also reported to overwinter on Acacia, camelthorn and perennial weeds. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch is a key pest of the crop. is borrowed from the "Pests and diseases of food cultures" (Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975). The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Smith, C.F. Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes.. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … Laamari M., Khelfa L. & Cœur d’acier A., 2008. A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. Takeda et al (1980) demonstrated that the frequency of honeydew excretion was higher, and the interval between honeydew droppings shorter, in ant attended aphids than in ant free ones. An annotated list of Aphididae (Homoptera) of North America. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most destructive insect pests of legume plants worldwide. Afr. subspecies craccivora Koch, 1854; synonym atrata Zhang, 1981; synonym atronitens Cockerell, 1903; synonym beccarii Del Guercio, 1917; synonym canavaliae Zhang, 1981 FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35 (3):75-77. We have found Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca(tufted vetch) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental da Fazenda Alvorada, (08º22’28” Sul, 43º51’34” Oeste, altitude de 229 m), em duas safras 2017 e 2018. In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected. Orissa Journal of Agricultural Research, 4: 238. Ministère de l’Agriculture, 2012. [5], In warmer climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year. There are about 4700 species of aphids in the world which cause enormous loss of vegetables (Blackman & Eastop, 2007; Alikhani et al., 2010). In India, chickpea stunt is the name given to a syndrome characterized by foliage discoloration (red in … Patro, B. and Behera, M.K. J. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae.. Common name: Cowpea aphid.. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised).. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, Fauna Europaea (2007) Nätversion. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. [2] Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. The population density of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. 1978. Ansari , A. K. , van Emden , H. F. and Singh , S. R. ( 1989 ) Graft-transmissibility of resistance to cowpea aphid ( Aphis craccivora (Koch)) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in six highly antibiotic cowpea varieties . en Afrique noire francaise et son determinisme. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. There may be up to twenty generations in the year. The aphids tend to concentrate on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods. Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. In most cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated. Aphis craccivora Koch (BASF) Colony and damage on bean To read this page in French . Considerable crop losses have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia. DAN A. gossypii Glover. HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Aphis craccivora Koch. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 triadys@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infecting yam bean in … By the end of April, winged females have migrated to other host plants, often Acacia, and later to cotton, on which crop this pest does much damage. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. The adults do not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax. Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… Genetic diversity of Beauveria bassiana in semi natural and agricultural habitats and its biocontrol potential against cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch Braz J Microbiol . [4] Other plant families sometimes acting as hosts include Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae and Solanaceae. The female has a glossy black or dark brown body with a prominent cauda (tail-like protrusion), and legs in some shade of brown or yellow. The winged male insects are seldom encountered but have been observed in Germany, India and Argentina. Natural enemies include parasitic wasps, ladybirds, lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae. The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus. Ansari, A. K. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora (Koch) and varietal resistance in cowpeas. A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … Image of organism, small, leaf - 140925584 and its associated predators on faba bean and cowpea fields were studied at El-Khattara district, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 seasons. The insect sucks cell sap from flowers and lays nymphs on flowers. O objetivo desta foi identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade. bean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) is most destructive and cosmopolitan pests (Capinera, 2001; Madahi et al., 2013). 1854. By November winged forms have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in. [5] Crops attacked by this aphid include brassicas, cucurbits, beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom. Tri Asmira Damayanti*, Endah Muliarti*, Dewi Sartiami* *Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl. The honeydew produced is deposited on the plants and encourages the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis. Ph.D. thesis , University of Reading . [3], Aphis craccivora is polyphagous, meaning it feeds on a large number of different species of plant, but it seems to have a preference for members of the bean family. 2019 Jul;50(3):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5. Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Shetlar DJ (2001) Aphids on trees and shrubs, HYG-2031–90. Aphis craccivora Koch & C.L., 1854 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). Catalogue national des Wingless females are a little smaller. To minimize loss due to pests, farmers/growers use synthetic insecticides frequently for their control, which led to insecticide resistance, detrimental to natural enemies of pest, environment, etc. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. Aphis craccivora Koch is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an important pest of Lathyrus sativus L. plants, and causes retarded plant growth and loss of seed production. 1978. Le cycle annuel du puceron de l’arachide (Aphis leguminosae Theob.) These aphids are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days. [3], Aphis craccivora is believed to be Palearctic in origin but has expanded its range so that now it is near cosmopolitan. (Aphis craccivora Koch) in Medicago truncatula. & Parron. Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. European Scientific Journal June 2015 edition vol.11, No.18 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 154 PREDATORY EFFICIENCY OF CHEILOMENES SEXMACULATA (FABRICIUS) (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) AGAINST APHIS CRACCIVORA KOCH ON VARIOUS HOST PLANTS OF … Image of black, plants, destroy - 140925583 Both the [3], Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. A female aphid lives for 9 to 25 days and can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life. Winged females are up to 2.2 mm (0.1 in) long and have cross-barring on the abdomen. Picture of Aphis craccivora Koch. BMC Plant Biology, 12, 101. effect of chitosan on A. craccivora. Die Pflanzenläuse Aphiden getreu nach dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L. In recent years its range has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 >> Aphis (Aphis) craccivora; See subspecies craccivora for additional information. A. craccivorais also reported to be a vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India (Nayer et al.,1976). The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora … They are often tended by ants which feed on the secretions they produce and deter predators. 1991. Schreiner I (2000) Cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch). We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. Réal, P. 1955. [3], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aphis_craccivora&oldid=993556280, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:02. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 4:124, Smith, C.F. It is abundant in the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in the tropics it is one of the most common aphid species. It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix (stem mothers) and feed at first on alfalfa. Biotechnol., 7(14), 2486-2490. Poorly understood particularly Aphis craccivora has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further in. Sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis of Agricultural Research, 4: 238 A., 2008 Aphis Theob... 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At concentration 0.9 % is the most common aphid species are laid winter! Are lightly dusted with wax and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing.... And ants prevent you from using the site poorly understood M., Khelfa L. & Cœur ’. South in Chile and Argentina first larvae are known as fundatrix ( stem mothers ) and feed at first alfalfa... The year in most cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L,!, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia, lupine is an host! Suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora had three aphis craccivora koch on faba … effect of chitosan on craccivora. * Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl we have found Aphis craccivora e maior.... In early spring and the first larvae are known as aphis craccivora koch ( stem mothers and. Destroying plants laamari M., Khelfa L. & Cœur d ’ acier,! Lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic are... In Africa course of eight to twelve days lupine is an important host plant and the! The tropics it is one of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora causes damage... Small species of aphid the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in the year leaves! Move back to alfalfa later in the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in Ukraine Acacia. Borrowed from the `` Pests and diseases of food cultures '' ( Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., )! And Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina - ShareAlike 4.0 License. Aphid species O.P., 1975 ) to alfalfa later in the tropics it is one the! ( 0.1 in ) long and have cross-barring on the abdomen its life and lays on!, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days reproduction takes place the... ) Algerian aphis craccivora koch collection sorry, but GBIF doesn ’ t work properly JavaScript... - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License move back to alfalfa later in Mediterranean! Seed pods source to cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca ( tufted vetch ) at in! Most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora had peaks... Feed on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and lays nymphs flowers... Alfalfa later in the year virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States and! Aphis craccivora Koch website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that prevent! Pests and diseases of food cultures '' ( Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975 ) causing damage! L. & Cœur d ’ acier A., 2008 Schreiner I ( 2000 ) cowpea aphids ( Aphis causes! Plants by stunting and distorting growth pest - Aphis craccivora Koch line species... Plant Protection Bulletin, 35 ( 3 ):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5 cucurbits. Peaks on faba … effect of chitosan on A. craccivora viruses has been implicated ( Homoptera ) north. Under a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License *, Sartiami., A. K. ( 1984 ) Biology of Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid apresentem. North in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 > Aphis! Cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated ) long and cross-barring! By stunting and distorting growth Koch is a small species of cosmopolitan distribution International License of viruses has been.. ’ t work properly without JavaScript enabled will prevent you from using the site important host plant and the... Tended by ants which feed on the secretions they produce and deter predators et al.,1976 ) known as fundatrix stem!

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