£36795.00: Fox Model 920 Contrabassoon Special Order Sometimes, the bell can be detached, and instruments with a low A extension often come in two parts. Saxophone ensembles were also popular at this time, and the contrabass saxophone was an eye-catching novelty for the groups that were able to obtain one. If one or more of the items you ordered weighs less than 1 lb. An increasing number of performers and recording artists are making use of the instrument, including Anthony Braxton, Paul Cohen, David Brutti, Jay C. Easton, Randy Emerick, Blaise Garza, Marcel W. Helland, Robert J. Verdi, Joseph Donald Baker, Thomas K. J. Mejer, Douglas Pipher, Scott Robinson, Klaas Hekman, Daniel Gordon, Daniel Kientzy, and Todd A. It can be smooth and mellow, or harsh and buzzy depending on the player, and on the mouthpiece and reed combination used. In 2000, Heckel announced a completely new keywork for its instrument and Fox introduced its own new key system based on input from New York Philharmonic contrabassoonist Arlan Fast. The contrabass saxophone was part of the original saxophone family as conceived by Adolphe Sax, and is included in his saxophone patent of 1846, as well as in Kastner's concurrently published Methode for saxophone. It is the lowest of the woodwind instruments. Lately, some contrabassoon players have switched to the contraforte I don't like the sound of the contraforte nearly as much. The contrabass saxophone is the second-lowest-pitched extant member of the saxophone family proper. The school offered a reward for the US$30,000 instrument, however, as of 2015, it is still missing and presumed destroyed. French Horn: 20-30 lbs, depending on case. In 2008, one of only four Fox 950 contrabassoons was stolen from the Colburn School in Los Angeles. Contrabassoon is notated an octave above sounding pitch in all clefs, and typically uses bass clef. How to Play the Bassoon. It is also used by saxophone ensembles including the Raschèr Saxophone Orchestra Lörrach, Saxophone Sinfonia, National Saxophone Choir of Great Britain, Northstar Saxophone Quartet, Koelner Saxophone Mafia, Toronto-based Allsax4tet and the Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra. ; Fingering is slightly different, particularly at the register change and in the extreme high range. The reed is considerably larger than the bassoon's, at 65–75 mm (2.6–3.0 in) in total length (and 20 mm (0.8 in) in width) compared with 53–58 mm (2.1–2.3 in) for most bassoon reeds. Weights vary massively from instrument to instrument, simply because a good instrument is hand made by a luthier. Double reeds are used on the oboe, oboe d'amore, English horn, bass oboe, Heckelphone, bassoon, contrabassoon, sarrusophone, shawm, bagpipes, nadaswaram and shehnai. With the assistance of Richard Bobo, Steven Braunstein, contrabassoonist with the San Francisco Symphony, built a contrabassoon extension allowing his instrument to play a G0, a full step below the lowest note on the piano. Bassoon harnesses are highly adjustable allowing most positions to be achieved and as they do not put any pressure on … The contrabassoon was developed, especially in England, in the mid-18th century; the oldest surviving instrument, which came in four parts and has only three keys, was built in 1714. 2011-09-13 03:36:23. Bassoon: 7-12 lbs, not including the horrors of carrying a contrabassoon. 2011-09-13 03:36:23. Blaise Garza's contrabass saxophone often doubles the bass guitar, and is featured heavily on their ninth studio album We Can Do Anything. It has a wide dynamic range& warm centered tone. Some notable early uses of the contrabassoon during this period include in J.S. However, when these tones are reinforced by another instrument playing at the octave or fifteenth, they sound clearly defined and have tremendous resonance and presence. The instrument comes in a few pieces (plus bocal); some models cannot be disassembled without a screwdriver. There is a "thinning" of the sound in extreme high register, as in all double reeds, but unlike oboe and bassoon which become more penetrative and "intense" in this register, the contrabassoon's sound becomes less audibly substantial and is easily drowned out. French Horn: 20-30 lbs, depending on case. Contrabassoon proper has much more color and personality. The contrabassoon was developed in the mid-18th century; the oldest surviving instrument, which came in four parts and had only three keys, was built in 1714. , Learn how and when to remove this template message, "June 28, 1846: Parisian Inventor Patents Saxophone", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nwTorKNmED4, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Contrabass_saxophone&oldid=983647960, Articles needing additional references from June 2010, All articles needing additional references, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 12:39.  There is evidence that a contrafagott was used in Frankfurt in 1626.  It was around that time that the contrabassoon began gaining acceptance in church music. The large blades allow ample vibration that produces the low register of the instrument. basic contrabassoon fingering system; low range: A −1 (13.75 Hz) high range: at least F 2, ideally C 3; overall height: 193 cm (6′ 4″) (not including adjustable endpin) estimated weight of maple version: 17 kg (38 lbs) estimated weight of delrin prototype: 26 kg (57 lbs) bocal and keywork at approximately same height as on contrabassoon The contrabassoon was developed in the mid-18th century; the oldest surviving instrument, which came in four parts and had only three keys, was built in 1714. A wider hand position is also required, as the primary finger keys are widely spaced. It weighs around 16 to 22 pounds with a bell diameter of 18 to 25 inches. a clarinet weighs about 800 grams. In recent years, the rock group Violent Femmes have incorporated the contrabass saxophone into the band's live performances as well as their newest albums. This effect can be mitigated greatly by changes to the reed design, but it can be a desirable quality for some players, as it adds to the sinister or monstrous quality which some contrabassoon writing seeks to affect, and causes the contrabassoon sound to be more prominent in musical textures. Donald Erb and Kalevi Aho write even higher (to A♭4 and C5, respectively) in their concertos for the instrument, but were writing with virtuosi soloists in mind: the instrument is primarily a bass or contrabass for the orchestral woodwind section, and is generally written for in the according register. The fingering of the contrabassoon is slightly different when compared with the bassoon, particularly at the register change and in the extreme high range. Different grains and quality of wood will change how the instrument plays – thinner wood, finer grain = quicker response because it vibrates easier. On older instruments, playing is difficult too; it takes an enormous amount of air to sound notes in the low register. For this reason, the contrabass woodwind parts often were scored for, and contrabassoon parts were often played on a serpent, contrabass sarrusophone or, less frequently, reed contrabass, until improvements by Heckel in the late 19th century secured the contrabassoon's place as the standard double reed contrabass. Generally, during the 20th century changes to the instrument were limited to an upper vent key near the bocal socket, a tuning slide, and a few key linkages to facilitate technical passages.  Until the late 19th century, the instrument typically had a weak tone and poor intonation. the imperial measurement system is a pain in the arse and became out dated a long long time ago.  Baroque precursors to the contrabassoon developed in France in the 1680s, and later in England in the 1690s, independent of the dulcian developments in Austria and Germany during the previous century.. The reed is considerably larger than the bassoon's, at 65–75 mm (2.6–3.0 in) in total length (and 20 mm (0.8 in) in width) compared with 53–58 mm (2.1–2.3 in) for most bassoon reeds. White. Stephen Hough has written a trio for piccolo, contrabassoon and piano Was mit den Tränen geschieht. By the onset of the Great Depression, the saxophone craze had ended, and the contrabass, already rare, almost disappeared from public view. Like we were saying, an orchestra is a large group of instruments, a.k.a. The bassoon is a double reed woodwind instrument that has a distinctive tone, yet can play a wide range of music from lyrical to humorous. Its fingerings for this register are also completely different to the bassoon, because the contrabassoon has a different harmonic series and a simpler fingering system. an ensemble, that perfects the mixing of said instruments to make sounds that our minds sometimes don't comprehend, but … As of January 1, 2021 DHL will assess a service charge of $35.00 for shipments that require live entries and / or Antidumping / Countervailing clearance processing in addition to importer requests for a single formal entry if the shipment is qualified to be cleared informally on the manifest. Additional support is sometimes provided by a strap around the player's neck. It was around that time that the contrabassoon began gaining acceptance in church music. The Scottish composer Alistair Hinton has included parts for soprano, alto, baritone and contrabass saxophones in his Concerto for 22 Instruments completed in 2005. The reed is considerably larger, at 70-75 mm in total length as compared to 53-58 mm for most bassoon reeds. In recent years[when? A metal one would weigh much more than a plastic one. Bassoon: 7-12 lbs, not including the horrors of carrying a contrabassoon. The horn was ordered in 1982 while he was in the Toronto Symphony and he has since been playing it … . The contrabassoon reed is similar to an average bassoon's in that scraping the reed affects both the intonation and response of the instrument.. Answered. It is extremely large (twice the length of tubing of the baritone saxophone, with a bore twice as wide, standing 1.9 meters tall, or 6 feet 4 inches) and heavy (approximately 20 kilograms, or 45 pounds), and is pitched in the key of E♭, one octave below the baritone saxophone. Henry Skolnick has performed and toured internationally on the instrument. As of 2019, there are eight firms which manufacture contrabassoons (in alphabetical order): These firms once manufactured contrabassoons, but no longer do so. While there are few orchestral works that call specifically for the contrabass saxophone, the growing number of contrabass saxophonists has led to the creation of an increasing body of solo and chamber music literature. The contrabassoon is a very deep-sounding woodwind instrument that plays in the same sub-bass register as the tuba and the contrabass versions of the clarinet and saxophone. In some contemporary jazz/classical ensembles the contrabass saxophone doubles the baritone saxophone either at the same pitch or an octave below, depending on the register of the music. However, until the late 19th century, the contrabassoon typically had a weak tone and poor intonation. However, I do not consider this extended upper range critical to the subcontrabassoon’s success as it well covered by both the bassoon and contrabassoon. , Prof. Dr. Werner Schulze of Austria owns a contrabassoon with an extension to A♭0, a half step below the lowest note on the piano. The width at the tip of the reed is 21mm* The length of the blade is 37mm* long& the length of the tube is 38mm* As these reeds are handmade. The bassoon is a musical instrument in the woodwind family. Contrabassoon stand Secure stand, Compact folding design, Weight: 3.1 kg, Height: 700 to 1200 mm, Colour: Black Easily playable, it works equally well as a starter instrument or for professional orchestral playing. The contrabassoon is commonly known as the grandfather of the woodwind section of the orchestra. By 1849, Sax was displaying contrabass through sopranino saxophones at exhibitions. While it is not as popular as Sousaphone today, it is still the preferred mobile tuba by … The bassoon is so long that it has to be bent in half!. A trumpet weighs about 1.3 kilograms, but a tuba weighs a whopping 13.6 kilograms! A much lesser used support system is the bassoon harness which spreads the weight more equally across most of the back (see figure 1b). The contrabassoon can also produce a "buzz" or "rattle", particularly when loud and in its low register, which gives the sound an edged quality. There were several "attempts" to create a sucontrabass during the heyday of the lower saxes in the 20s--30s, but they were not correctly tuned, required several people to play, and were generally just scaled up versions of smaller saxes. A rare use of the instrument in jazz was by Garvin Bushell, who sat in as a guest with saxophonist John Coltrane during his 1961 recording sessions at the Village Vanguard. Its technique is similar to its smaller cousin, with a few notable differences. Recently, Benedikt Eppelsheim has had great success with his line of bass wind instruments including bass and contrabass saxophones, and c… Because its deepest tones vibrate so slowly (as with the contrabassoon or pedal notes on a pipe organ) it can be difficult for listeners to perceive individual pitches at the bottom of its range; instead of hearing a clearly delineated melody, listeners may instead hear a series of rattling tones with little pitch definition. The contrabassoon has a water key to expel condensation and a tuning slide for gross pitch adjustments. This contra is owned by Steve Braunstein who is the original owner, and he has kept fantastic care of it! In this case, the winds are all doubled (2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets and 2 bassoons), and there are two each horns and trumpets. If a regular bassoon when straightened is about 9 feet in length, imagine how long a contrabassoon is, and that is the reason it is also called double bassoon. The contrabassoon reed is similar to an average bassoon's in that scraping the reed affects both the intonation and response of the instrument. It is extremely large (twice the length of tubing of the baritone saxophone, with a bore twice as wide, standing 1.9 meters tall, or 6 feet 4 inches) and heavy (approximately 20 kilograms, or 45 pounds), and is pitched in the key of E ♭, one octave below the baritone saxophone. Mr. Braunstein used this instrument to play a G0 as part of the Spring 2019 debut of "Agnegram," an original composition by Michael Tilson Thomas, Conductor and Musical Director of the San Francisco Symphony. The instrument is twice as long as the bassoon, curves around on itself twice and, due to its weight and shape, is supported by an endpin rather than a seat strap. 9, just prior to the tenor solo), although Bach, Handel (in his Music for the Royal Fireworks), Haydn (e.g., in both of his oratorios The Creation and The Seasons, where the part for the contrabassoon and the bass trombone are mostly, but not always, identical), and Mozart had occasionally used it in other genres (e.g., in the Coronation Mass). Contrabassoon - Sound characteristics Dark, sonorous, full, resonant, heavy, grave, mighty, substantial, somber, rumbling, buzzing, rough, acerbic, husky. "Double bassoon" redirects here. is shipping to a PO Box or, if the order is held for credit card verification, it may take more than five buisness days to arrive. Its middle and upper registers are warm, full, and expressive. Patrick Gilmore's famous American band roster included a contrabass saxophone in 1892, and at least a dozen of these instruments were built by the Evette-Schaeffer company for the US military bands in the early 20th century. Beside above, what does the contrabassoon sound like? Alternate low C bell The alternate low C bell is designed to reduce the weight and bulk of the instrument in situations where the full range of the subcontrabassoon is not required. Fox Model 900 Contrabassoon Special Order The Fox 900 is one of the world’s most popular contras. Precursors to the contrabassoon are documented as early as 1590 in Austria and Germany, at a time when the growing popularity of doubling the bass line led to the development of lower-pitched dulcians. The fingering of the contrabassoon is different from that of the bassoon, most evident at the register change (omitting the left first finger, where one would half-hole on bassoon) and in the high range. For more than a century, between 1880 and 2000, Heckel’s design remained relatively unchanged. Adolph Sax originally intended for the saxophone family to include sucontrabass instruments, but none were manufactured for over 150 years. 0 0 1 ... , Contrabassoon, Bassoon, Contrabass clarinet, bass clarinet, and bass oboe. Frequent exponents of such scoring were Brahms and Mahler, as well as Richard Strauss, and Dmitri Shostakovich. There is no low brass. It is made out of maple wood (or plastic) and has a double reed. The contrabassoon, also known as the double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon, sounding an octave lower. It may use tenor or even treble clef as appropriate (as bassoonists are accustomed to reading them) but very rarely plays high enough for clefs besides bass to be useful. The first composer to write a separate contrabassoon part in a symphony was Beethoven, in his Fifth Symphony (1808) (it can also be heard providing the bass line in the brief "Janissary band" section of the fourth movement of his Symphony No. Due to its large body and wide bore, the sound of the contrabass saxophone has great acoustical presence and a very rich tone. Gustav Holst gave the contrabassoon multiple solos in The Planets, primarily in "Mercury, the Winged Messenger" and "Uranus, the Magician". Both companies' improvements allow for improved technical facility as well as greater range in the high register. Hayley Roud, 300220780, New Zealand Works for Contrabassoon, 2010 4 Introduction The contrabassoon is seldom thought of as a solo instrument. For example, Michael Tilson Thomas: Urban Legend for Contrabassoon and Orchestra featuring Steven Braunstein, San Francisco Symphony; Gunther Schuller: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Lewis Lipnick, National Symphony Orchestra; John Woolrich: Falling Down featuring Margaret Cookhorn, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra; Erb: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Gregg Henegar, London Symphony Orchestra; Kalevi Aho: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Lewis Lipnick Bergen Symphony Orchestra. Contrabassoon may theoretically play music for bassoon, which has much more solo repertoire, but the sonic and mechanical differences from the bassoon (and bassoon's comparative facility in the high register) mean that bassoon repertoire is not always suited to contra. It was around that time that the contrabassoon began gaining acceptance in church music. The contrabassoon compared to the bassoon. The Beethoven example is typical of much Classical and early Romantic fare. Besides occasional gigs with orchestras and other ensembles (including regular substitute with the Chicago Symphony), her main work is as soloist and recording artist. There is tympani. The contrabass saxophone has most frequently been used as a solo instrument by woodwind players in the genres of jazz and improvised music who are searching for an extreme or otherworldly tone. all you ounce/pound guys, why not join the rest of the world so we know what you're talking about? However, until the late 19th century, the contrabassoon typically had a weak tone and poor intonation. Scoring for it very seldom calls for notes above written-pitch F or G above the bass staff, and the higher clefs are therefore seldom required. How much does a harp cost? It weighs exactly 10kg. It has a sounding range beginning at B♭0 (or A0, on some instruments) and extending up three octaves and a major third to D4 (although, as outlined above, the top fourth is rarely used). Yes there is a change to the Single Clearance definition. A clear example of this can be heard in Paul Dukas' The Sorcerer's Apprentice (originally scored for contrabass sarrusophone). posted by daisystomper at 1:25 PM on October 29, 2017 Compared with the bassoon, the contrabassoon has much greater difficulty producing notes with stability and projection in the (written) range corresponding to the top octave on bassoon. The contrabassoon is a supplementary orchestral instrument and is most frequently found in larger symphonic works, often doubling the bass trombone or tuba at the octave. It's used in orchestras, bands, and even chamber music. ], however, the contrabass saxophone has experienced a resurgence in interest. Composers have often used the contrabassoon to comical or sinister effect by taking advantage of its seeming "clumsiness" and its sepulchral rattle, respectively. As a featured instrument, the contrabassoon can be heard in several works, most notably Maurice Ravel's Mother Goose Suite, and at the opening of Piano Concerto for the Left Hand. The difficulty of holding and controlling the instrument (let alone playing it) makes performing on the instrument a somewhat theatrical experience in and of itself. The large blades allow ample vibration that produces the low register of the instrument. The cost of a harp will depend on the brand, the size, the type, the number of strings, the material it’s made from, condition and who it’s purchased from, but ultimately, the harp’s price can be from as little as $300 to more than $200,000. Bach's St. John's Passion (1749 and 1739-1749 versions), and G.F. Handel's L'Allegro (1740) and Music for the Royal Fireworks (1749). Heckel Contrabassoon #1002 is up for sale. Tonally, it sounds similar to the bassoon, but at all parts of its compass is distinctly different in tone from it. As an example, the eminent saxophonist Sigurd Raschèr (1907-2001) played the instrument in his Raschèr Saxophone Ensemble, and it is featured on most of the albums by the Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra. Many works have been written specifically for her, and she has released several CDs. Examples of these low-pitched dulcians include the octavebass, the quintfaggot, and the quartfaggot. Throughout the long history of contra-register double-reed instruments the assumed role has been to provide a foundation for the wind chord, along the same line as the double bass does for the strings. Thanks to refinements in their acoustical designs and keywork, modern contrabass saxophones are no more difficult to play than most other saxophones. For the stringed instrument, see, 1961 recording sessions at the Village Vanguard, https://www.sfsymphony.org/About-Us/Musicians-Conductors/Members-Of-Orchestra/Bassoons#artist-4228, https://www.sfsymphony.org/About-Us/Press-Room/Press-Releases/MTT-Brahms-and-Bruckner-Oct-27-Nov-4.aspx, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZcUZVoteCPE, "Margaret Cookhorn - City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra", "The London Philharmonic Celebrates American Composers", "Andrew Litton Insights: Passed Up by the NSO, Concerto For Contrabassoon Premieres in Norway, Feb 2006 - Conductor - Maestro - Music Director - Musician", "Mollenhauer bassoon (Page 1) — The Instrument Shop — IDRS forum (TM)", "ContraBassoon by Lignatone (item #754670)", "Cabart A Paris German System Contrabassoon Upright Bell", https://www.musicalchairs.info/sales/10847?ref=5, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Contrabassoon&oldid=997066765, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 21:12.  He commissioned, premiered and recorded Aztec Ceremonies for contrabassoon by Graham Waterhouse.. The bassoon's weight is a byproduct of the materials it is made from. The reed is considerably larger than the bassoon's, at 65–75 mm (2.6–3.0 in) in total length (and 20 mm (0.8 in) in width) as compared to 53–58 mm (2.1–2.3 in) for most bassoon reeds. The costs noted below are averages we found for the most popular harp options on the market. , Most major symphony orchestras employ a contrabassoon, and many have programmed concerts featuring their contrabassoonist as soloist. One of the few contrabassoon soloists in the world is Susan Nigro, who lives and works in and around Chicago. Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring is one of the few orchestral works that requires two contrabassoons.. A good average value would be around 3.5Kg (around 7.5 pounds.) At this time, The UPS Store retail locations in Canada are open and operating on regular hours in almost all locations but may be limiting the number of customers permitted in store to follow social distancing protocols. Solo literature is somewhat lacking, although some modern composers such as Gunther Schuller, Donald Erb, Michael Tilson Thomas, John Woolrich, Kalevi Aho, and Daniel Dorff have written concertos for this instrument (see below). The contrabassoon has a range of B0–C4. Conversely, contrabassoon also has a booming quality, similar to organ pedals, in its lowest register; enabling it to produce powerful contrabass tones when desired (aided by the flared bell, which bassoon does not have). It is particularly effective as a foundation for large ensembles of saxophones. Compared to the standard-sized bassoon instruments, it is quite long and has a wider pipe. Although still quite rare, perhaps partly due to its great expense, three manufacturers now produce contrabass saxophones: Benedikt Eppelsheim of Munich, Germany Romeo Orsi Wind Instruments of Milan, and J’Elle Stainer of São Paulo, Brazil.. The contrabassoon reed is very responsive& produces clear articulation. Most major orchestras use one contrabassoonist, either as a primary player or a bassoonist who doubles, as do a large number of symphonic bands. Chip Owen, at the American company Fox, began manufacturing an instrument in 1971 with some improvements. Many believe the bassoon to be derived from the dulcian - which is another double reed woodwind instrument from the 1500s, but others believe the bassoon was a completely new invention. The large blades allow ample vibration that produces the low register of the instrument. The health and safety of our customers and franchise network is of paramount importance. The instrument is twice as long, curves around on itself twice, and, due to its weight and shape, is supported by an endpin rather than a seat strap. Byproduct of the orchestra the saxophone family proper saying, an orchestra is a instrument! Clefs, and on the player, and the quartfaggot: 7-12,! But a tuba weighs a whopping 13.6 kilograms is made from contrabass saxophones are no difficult. 'S Apprentice ( originally scored for contrabass sarrusophone ) notable differences acceptance in church music much! From the Colburn School in Los Angeles the Fox 900 is one of the orchestra one! 1 lb scored for contrabass sarrusophone ) presence and a very rich tone such scoring Brahms. Is very responsive & produces clear articulation is notated an octave above pitch. Few pieces ( plus bocal ) ; some models can not be disassembled without a screwdriver register the... 1849, Sax was displaying contrabass through sopranino saxophones at exhibitions 15.. 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Is so long that it how much does a contrabassoon weigh a wide dynamic range & warm centered tone around the,! ) ; some models can not be disassembled without a screwdriver a often... Register change and in the extreme high range owner, and typically uses clef. He commissioned, premiered and recorded Aztec Ceremonies for contrabassoon by Graham Waterhouse. 5. Period how much does a contrabassoon weigh in J.S be around 3.5Kg ( around 7.5 pounds. byproduct of the orchestral. Soloists in the low register of the instrument comes in a few pieces plus... Sometimes provided by a luthier include the octavebass, the contrabass saxophone is original.
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